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Jordan in a Glance
The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is located in the heart of the Middle-East. Jordan has borders with Syria to the North, Iraq to the East, Saudi Arabia to the South East, and Palestine and Israel to the West. Jordan’s only port, Aqaba, is located at the northern end of the Gulf of Aqaba.
Jordan enjoys a variety of geographical features, starting from the Jordan Rift Valley in the West, which is an extension of the Great Rift Valley that runs through Kenya and Tanzania in Africa, ending at the desert plateau of the East. Jordan boasts a diversity of landscapes including deserts, forests, marshes, beaches, plains, rolling hills and fertile river valleys
Friday and Saturday are the official weekend holiday in Jordan
Engaging Culture Article: is Jordan safe?
Holidays in 2011
Banks, businesses, Government offices and many shops close all day for public holidays.
Fixed public holidays include:
A number of public holidays are not fixed. These include Easter and the following Islamic holidays, which are based on the lunar calendar.
* Dates differ according to the lunar calendar.
The climate is mainly Mediterranean with hot dry summers and cool wet winters.
There are several luxurious hotels throughout the country. They can easily be found in cities such as Amman, Petra, Aqaba, and the Dead Sea most of which are run by well-known international chains.
Hotel’s grading ranges from one to five-star in Jordan. Four and five-star hotels have nightclubs and live music performances.
A wide range of serviced apartments, rest houses and suites are also available for rent with sleeping and dining facilities. They are located in key sites throughout the country.
Culture & Traditions
Jordan is steeped in history and culture. Jordanians are warm, friendly and hospitable. They are proud of their Arab heritage and are happy to act as hosts and guides.
As Jordan is primarily a Muslim country - although the freedom of all religions is protected - conservative dress for both men and women is advisable outside the cities.
Wherever you go in Jordan, you will find plenty of opportunities to shop. There is a wide range of locally made handicrafts and other goods available. The souks in Jordan’s larger towns and cities are treasure troves for those seeking something a little bit out of the ordinary. Amman offers sophisticated shops and boutiques selling the very latest fashions in clothing, jewellery, accessories, leather and electronic goods.
The unit of currency in Jordan is the Jordanian Dinar (JD). There are 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 JD notes. The Dinar is divided into 100 piasters or 1000 fils.
Exchange rates are set daily by the Jordanian Central Bank and are published in local newspapers and online. The Dollar’s rate is set at 0,70 Dinar. Currency or traveller’s checks can be exchanged at banks, exchange booths and hotels. ATMs are available throughout the country.
Credit cards and travellers checks are accepted at most hotels, car rental companies, shops and restaurants. Major cards accepted are: Visa, MasterCard, American Express and Diners Club.
Working week is from Sunday to Thursday.
**** Business hours are shorter during Ramadan, the holy month of fasting.
** ** Many Muslim shop owners’ close on Friday, and some Christians on Sunday. However, the markets and street stalls downtown remain open all week long.
Jordanians earning money must, by law, report to the tax department. According to the Jordanian Law, foreign companies are taxable only if they generate income or if they sell products or services in Jordan.
Therefore, foreign cast and crew will not be liable to pay taxes on their income in Jordan.
Visitors with a valid passport may obtain a visa at any Jordanian Embassy or Consulate abroad. Depending on the nationality, a visa can also be obtained at Amman’s Queen Alia Airport. Visas are usually valid for two weeks, but can be extended at any police station.
No inoculations are required for entry in Jordan, although shots for hepatitis, polio, tetanus and typhoid are recommended.
Education in Jordan is free and compulsory starting at the age of five.
Jordan invests in higher education and has a wide range of public and private universities, community colleges, vocational training centres, as well as many IT initiatives throughout the Kingdom.
The electrical current in Jordan is reliable and uninterrupted. Electricity supply is 220 volts / 50 Cycles AC. In general, the plug is a two-pronged type. The British plug, with two flat blades and one flat grounding blade, is also common.
American equipment requires both an adaptor and transformer.
A variety of adaptors and transformers are available in electrical shops throughout Jordan.
Jordan’s health care services are excellent in the larger cities and towns. There are many well-equipped private and public hospitals as well as clinics.
Most doctors speak English. Larger hotels have doctors on call. Over-the-counter drugs and prescription medications are readily available across the country.
Post office opening hours are:
Weights & Measures
Jordan operates on the metric system.
Amman and other cities are relatively small, and most places of interest, hotels and restaurants are well known. Moving inside the Kingdom is very easy too.
Jordan has border crossings with Syria in the north, Iraq in the east, Saudi Arabia in the south and with Palestine & Israel in the west and south.
Jordan has a fine roads system that is constantly being upgraded.
The Hijaz Railway train runs between Amman and the Syrian capital, Damascus, once a week. This is the only passenger train that runs through Jordan.
Jordan’s only port is Aqaba situated on the Red Sea.